Moulders cast molten metal into moulds to produce solidified castings.

They first prepare and shape the sand in which the mould is to be formed. They then prepare the core or inside of the casting by means of a core box and place the pattern into the moulding box. They pack sand firmly around the pattern to impress its form in the sand ensuring that moulding boxes cover the top faces. Heavy castings are formed by holes being dug in the ground and lined with sand or brickwork. The pattern is then removed and the mould dusted. Once the mould is dry, molten metal is poured through runners into the mould.

After the cast metal has cooled down, the mould is broken away and the edges of the solidified casting are smoothed before it is finally machined. Because moulds are exposed to very high temperatures and pressure during the moulding process the moulds must be of a high standard. Moulders work in foundries.

Personal Requirements

  • at least 16 years old
  • enjoy working with your hands
  • feeling for forms and structure
  • aptitude for mathematics
  • able to read three-dimensional drawings
  • patient and practical
  • able to work accurately
  • good health, strength and stamina
  • good coordination and eyesight


  • automobile manufacturing industry
  • foundries and mines
  • industrial plants
  • government undertakings
  • metal and related industries
  • shipyards
  • Transnet

Getting Started

  • try to obtain vacation work in a foundry
  • arrange to speak to a moulder about this career
  • contact the Department of Labour about learnership possibilities in your area


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